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Reading: Designing and Evaluating the Quality and Cost-effectiveness of Saturated Sediment Permeameters

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Designing and Evaluating the Quality and Cost-effectiveness of Saturated Sediment Permeameters

Authors:

Caleb Gibson ,

St. Ambrose University, US
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Nicole Woodall,

St. Ambrose University, US
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Caleb Reiter,

St. Ambrose University, US
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Susa H. Stonedahl

St. Ambrose University, US
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Abstract

Many simulations require accurate measurements of saturated hydraulic conductivity, a sediment property that governs the speed at which water flows through sediments relative to head differences. The goal of our project is to design and build an inexpensive permeameter capable of producing accurate hydraulic conductivity values. We tested four permeameters; a standard research grade constant-head permeameter, a falling-head permeameter modeled off of an in situ stream method, a constant-head permeameter made out of 4” PVC pipe, and a similar constant-head permeameter made out of 2” PVC pipe. Our custom-built constant-head permeameters both utilized a U-shaped design, two tubes which form a manometer, and multiple output overflows. Despite significant differences in design, method, and cost, we found that all four of the permeameters yielded relatively consistent mean hydraulic conductivities with low standard deviations (0.004-0.019). We also compared the attributes: price, weight, and number of parts. Our conclusion is that because the average K-value and standard deviation of each design is within reason, the best choice depends on the practitioner’s situation and intention.

Faculty Sponsor: Susa H. Stonedahl

How to Cite: Gibson, C., Woodall, N., Reiter, C. and Stonedahl, S.H., 2017. Designing and Evaluating the Quality and Cost-effectiveness of Saturated Sediment Permeameters. International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities, 9(1), p.4. DOI: http://doi.org/10.7710/2168-0620.1093
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Published on 20 Sep 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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